Albion is a city in and the county seat of Edwards County, Illinois, United States. The population was 1,988 at the 2010 census. The city was named "Albion" after an ancient and poetic reference to the island of Great Britain.
Albion is located south of the center of Edwards County at 38°22′38″N 88°3′40″W (38.377300, -88.061028). In it, Illinois Route 130 and Illinois Route 15 meet. Route 130 leads north 25 miles (40 km) to Olney and south 10 miles (16 km) to Grayville, while Route 15 leads east 16 miles (26 km) to Mount Carmel and west 16 miles (26 km) to Fairfield.
According to the 2010 census, Albion has a total area of 2.196 square miles (5.69 km2), of which 2.15 square miles (5.57 km2) (or 97.91%) is land and 0.046 square miles (0.12 km2) (or 2.09%) is water.
A 3.8-magnitude earthquake occurred seven and a half miles outside of the city on September 19, 2017.
Albion was laid out in 1818 as a utopian community, and given the name Albion, a literary name for England.
In 1821, the county seat of Edwards County was moved from Palmyra to Albion. However, residents of Mount Carmel felt their town should be the county seat. Four companies of militia marched from Mount Carmel towards Albion to seize the county documents stored in the courthouse. The situation was eventually resolved in 1824 by separating Wabash County from Edwards County at Bonpas Creek. The resulting counties remain two of the smallest in Illinois.