Gouldsboro is a village and census-designated place (CDP) in Lehigh Township, Wayne County, and Coolbaugh Township, Monroe County, in Pennsylvania. The CDP's population was 890 at time of the 2010 United States Census.
Gouldsboro was named for Jay Gould, who built a tannery in the area before becoming famous as a financier.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Gouldsboro has a total area of 3.004 sq mi (7.783 km2), of which 2.596 sq mi (6.723 km2) is land and 0.408 sq mi (1.06 km2), or 5.72%, is water.
As of the Census of 2010, there were 890 people, 353 households, and 253 families in Gouldsboro. The CDP's population density was 343 people per square mile (131/km2), and there were 546 housing units at an average density of 182/sq mi (70.2/km2). The racial makeup of the populace was 94.9% White, 1.0% African American, 0.1% Native American, 1.3% Asian, 0.1% Pacific Islander, 1.3% of other races, and 1.1% of two or more races. Hispanics and Latinos of all races made up 4.0% of the population.
Of Gouldsboro's households 71.7% were families, 55.8% were headed by a heterosexual married couple (Pennsylvania did not allow same-sex marriage until May 20, 2014, after the 2010 Census had been completed), and 30.3% included children under the age of 18. Of households 10.8% were headed by a female householder with no husband present, 5.1% by a male householder with no wife present, and 28.3% consisted of non-families. Of all households 24.1% were made up of individuals, and 13.3% consisted of a person 65 years of age or older living alone. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.95.
Gouldsboro's age distribution was 23.9% under the age of 18, 5.2% between the ages of 18 and 24, 19.9% between 25 and 44, 34.7% between 45 and 64, and 16.3% 65 years of age or older. The population's median age was 45.4 years.