Little Compton is a town in Newport County, Rhode Island, bounded on the west by the Sakonnet River, on the north by the town of Tiverton, and on the east by the Massachusetts state border.
Little Compton was originally inhabited by the Sakonnet Indians. The name has been interpreted in a variety of ways including "where the water pours forth". The first Colonial settlers in Little Compton were from Duxbury, Massachusetts in the Plymouth Colony, which granted them their charter. They divided the land into lots of standard sizes and began settling there. Among these 29 original proprietors was Colonel Benjamin Church, who would become well known for his role in the late 17th-century conflicts with surrounding Indian tribes, notably the Narragansetts and Wampanoags. In 1675, Church built a house in Little Compton, just prior to King Philip's War. Today, a plaque on the side of West Main Road marks the location.
In 1682, Sakonnet was incorporated by the Plymouth Colony and renamed Little Compton, probably in reference to Cullompton, Devon, England. A Royal commission changed the border in 1747, and Little Compton along with Tiverton and Bristol became part of Rhode Island.