Orleans is a town in Orleans Township, Orange County, in the U.S. state of Indiana. The population was 2,142 at the 2010 census.
Orleans was platted in 1815, and named in commemoration of the Battle of New Orleans. A post office has been in operation at Orleans since 1823.
Jenkins Place and Orleans Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Orleans is located at 38°39′40″N 86°27′12″W (38.660993, -86.453368).
According to the 2010 census, Orleans has a total area of 1.71 square miles (4.43 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,142 people, 904 households, and 581 families residing in the town. The population density was 1,252.6 inhabitants per square mile (483.6/km2). There were 1,000 housing units at an average density of 584.8 per square mile (225.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 98.6% White, 0.1% African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.4% Asian, and 0.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.
There were 904 households of which 32.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 11.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.7% were non-families. 31.5% of all households were made up of individuals and 15.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.