Yerington is a city in Lyon County, Nevada, United States. The population was 3,048 at the 2010 census. It is named after Henry M. Yerington, Superintendent of the Virginia and Truckee Railroad from 1868 to 1910. The city incorporated in 1907. It is the current county seat of Lyon County, the first county seat being established at Dayton, Nevada on November 29, 1861. After the Dayton Court House burned down in 1909, the seat was moved to Yerington in 1911.
Yerington is located at the intersection of US 95A and Nevada State Route 208. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.6 square miles (22.3 km2), all land.
For the 2010 census, basic statistics show there were 3,048 people, 1,302 households, and 747 families residing in the city. The population density was 1792.9 people per square mile. There were 1,507 housing units at an average density of 886.5 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 80.20% White, 0.60% African American, 6.80% Native American, 0.60% Asian, 8.90% from other races, and 3.00% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 18.80% of the population.
In comparison, during the census of 2000, there were 2,883 people, 1,203 households, and 729 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,698.4 people per square mile. There were 1,359 housing units at an average density of 800.6 per square mile. The racial makeup of the city was 84.53% White, 0.17% African American, 6.24% Native American, 0.38% Asian, 5.79% from other races, and 2.88% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 15.44% of the population.
There were 1,203 households out of which 27.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.1% were married couples living together, 10.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.4% were non-families. 35.0% of all households were made up of individuals, and 19.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.29, and the average family size was 2.97.
In the city, the population was spread out with 24.7% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 22.2% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 25.7% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 41 years. For every 100 females, there were 99.1 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.7 males.
The median income for a household in the city was $31,151, and the median income for a family was $39,038. Males had a median income of $25,724 versus $24,550 for females. The per capita income for the city was $18,640. About 12.6% of families and 17.9% of the population were below the poverty line, including 26.2% of those under age 18 and 12.3% of those age 65 or over.
The Yerington Paiute Tribe of the Yerington Colony and Campbell Ranch is headquartered in Yerington.
During World War II, one of many Japanese fire balloons launched at the United States landed on the Wilson Ranch near Yerington. The ranchers, not knowing what it was, attempted to notify the authorities by mail, but did not receive a response until after they cut it up and used it as a hay tarp.
"Darcy Farrow," a folk song written by Steve Gillette and Tom Campbell, mentions Yerington ("Her eyes shone bright like the pretty lights / That shine in the night out of Yerington town," 7-8) and other places and landmarks in the area, including Virginia City, the Carson Valley, and the Truckee River. Critics have noted the geographical inaccuracy in the line "The Walker runs down to the Carson Valley plain."
John Denver's version of "Darcy Farrow" sold more than 4 million copies.
Yerington experiences a borderline cool desert climate (Köppen BWk)/cool semi-arid climate (BSk). Yerington is noticeably more arid than areas even marginally closer to the Sierra Nevada – it receives only half as much precipitation as Carson City, a third as much as South Lake Tahoe and only one-eighth as much as Nevada City, California on the western Sierra slopes. Because the drying effect of the Pine Nut Mountains is most pronounced in the winter, Yerington receives very little snow in most years: the median monthly snowfall is zero except in January when it is 0.5 inches or 0.013 metres, although in the very cold and snowy month of January 1916 as much as 37.0 inches (0.94 m) fell and that season saw a total of 39.5 inches (1.00 m). January 2017 proved the first month to exceed 4 inches or 101.6 millimetres of precipitation when it totalled 4.55 inches (115.6 mm). The wettest "rain year" has been from July 1955 to June 1956 with 9.06 inches (230.1 mm) and the driest from July 1949 to June 1950 with only 1.62 inches (41.1 mm), although the calendar year of 1983 saw 10.58 inches or 268.7 millimetres. The most precipitation in one day is 2.02 inches (51.3 mm) on September 18, 1955, closely rivalled by December 23 of that year when 2.00 inches (50.8 mm) fell.
During the summer, temperatures are generally hot to very hot in the afternoon, but the high altitude and low humidity means temperature drop to a comfortable level at night. On average, 2.8 afternoons each summer will exceed 100 °F or 37.8 °C and 57.6 afternoons reach 90 °F or 32.2 °C. It is rare, though, that minima stay above 68 °F or 20 °C, although thirteen mornings stayed this warm in 2015. The hottest minimum has been 78 °F (25.6 °C) on July 22, 2003, and the hottest temperature 107 °F (41.7 °C) on July 15, 2014. In the winter, afternoons are sunny and cool to cold with all but six topping freezing on average, although mornings typically range from freezing to frigid: 152 mornings fall below freezing in an average year and two fall to or below 0 °F or −17.8 °C. The coldest temperature on record is −26 °F (−32.2 °C) on January 21, 1937, and the coldest month January 1949 which averaged 12.4 °F or −10.9 °C with a mean minimum of −4.6 °F (−20.3 °C). The coldest afternoon is 6 °F or −14.4 °C, which occurred on February 6, 1989 and again on December 22 of 1990.