Athens is a city and the county seat of Henderson County, Texas, in the United States. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 12,710. The city has called itself the "Black-Eyed Pea Capital of the World." Athens was selected as one of the first "Certified Retirement Communities" in Texas. It was named after Athens, Alabama, by one of the early residents who came from there; not Greece's capital.
Athens is located in central Henderson County at 32°12′10″N 95°50′57″W (32.202782, -95.849140).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 19.2 square miles (49.7 km2), of which 16.8 square miles (43.6 km2) are land and 2.4 square miles (6.1 km2), or 12.32%, are covered by water. Lake Athens is a 1,799 acre reservoir located in the eastern half of the city.
As of the census of 2010, there were 12,710 people, 4,110 households, and 2,807 families residing in the city. The population density was 772.8 people per square mile (298.3/km2). There were 4,549 housing units at an average density of 311.2 per square mile (120.1/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 72.14% White, 19.23% African American, 0.31% Native American, 0.64% Asian, 0.06% Pacific Islander, 6.17% from other races, and 1.45% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino people of any race were 17.37% of the population.
There were 4,110 households, out of which 32.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 49.1% were married couples living together,
15.4% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.7% are classified as non-families by the United States Census Bureau.