Bastrop () is a city and the county seat of Bastrop County, Texas, United States. The population was 7,218 according to the 2010 census. Bastrop is known to be a conservative county that is separated by its culture and values from the more liberal Austin and Travis county.
Bastrop is located near the center of Bastrop County along the lower Colorado River. The downtown business district of the city is located on a bluff on the east bank of the river, but the city extends to the west side of the river, as well. According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 9.1 square miles (23.6 km2), of which 9.0 sq mi (23.3 km2) are land and 0.12 square miles (0.3 km2), or 1.23%, is covered by water.
Three miles (5 km) northeast of the town, Lake Bastrop is a 906-acre (3.67 km2) reservoir on Spicer Creek operated by the Lower Colorado River Authority (LCRA) since its impounding in 1964. Although primarily used as a cooling pond for the Sim Gideon Power Plant, the lake is also used for recreation, and the LCRA maintains two public parks on the lake.
The Bastrop Independent School District serves Bastrop. Some residents are zoned to Mina Elementary School, while others are zoned to Emile Elementary School. All residents are zoned to Bastrop Intermediate School, Bastrop Middle School, and Bastrop High School.
Austin Community College conducts night and continuing-education classes at Bastrop High School.
From 1893 until 1969, Emile High School served as the segregated black high school.
According to the Bastrop Economic Development Corporation as of 2004, the area's four largest employers are the Bastrop Independent School District, Wal-Mart, H-E-B, and the Bastrop County government.