Chesterfield is a town in the U.S. state of Indiana which lies in Union Township, Madison County and Salem Township, Delaware County. The population was 2,547 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Anderson, Indiana Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Chesterfield was originally called West Union, and under the latter name was laid out in 1830. It was renamed Chesterfield in 1834.
The Chesterfield Spiritualist Camp District and George Makepeace House are listed in the National Register of Historic Places.
Chesterfield is located at 40°6′44″N 85°35′47″W (40.112193, -85.596324).
According to the 2010 census, Chesterfield has a total area of 1.32 square miles (3.42 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,547 people, 1,090 households, and 663 families living in the town. The population density was 1,929.5 inhabitants per square mile (745.0/km2). There were 1,275 housing units at an average density of 965.9 per square mile (372.9/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.4% White, 0.4% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.7% Asian, 0.1% from other races, and 1.3% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.1% of the population.
There were 1,090 households, of which 31.5% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 41.3% were married couples living together, 13.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 39.2% were non-families.