China Grove is a city in Rowan County, North Carolina, United States. The population was 3,563 at the 2010 census. The city is located just north of Landis and south of Salisbury.
China Grove is located at 35°34′13″N 80°34′41″W (35.570289, -80.577934).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.2 km2), all of it land.
At the 2000 census there were 3,616 people in 1,388 households, including 999 families, in the city. The population density was 1,847.9 people per square mile (712.3/km²). There were 1,466 housing units at an average density of 749.2 per square mile (288.8/km²). The racial makeup of the town was 85.70% White, 6.97% African American, 0.28% Native American, 0.94% Asian, 0.14% Pacific Islander, 5.39% from other races, and 0.58% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 9.43%.
Of the 1,388 households 34.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 53.7% were married couples living together, 13.2% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.0% were non-families. 24.9% of households were one person and 11.5% were one person aged 65 or older.