Eagle Lake is a city in southeastern Colorado County, Texas, United States. The population was 3,639 at the 2010 census. It is home to a golf course, the largest private lake in Texas, and the Eagle Lake Regional Airport, which serves light aircraft.
The lake, along with adjacent rice fields, attracts a large variety of migratory birds. The city is known as the "Goose-hunting Capital of the World" and also borders a wildlife preserve.
The first newspaper in Eagle Lake was established by Joseph J. Mansfield in the 1880s.
Eagle Lake is located in eastern Colorado County at 29°35′16″N 96°19′48″W.
U.S. Route 90 Alternate (US 90 Alt.) travels through Eagle Lake, leading east 66 miles (106 km) to Houston and west 38 miles (61 km) to Hallettsville. Eagle Lake is 16 miles (26 km) southeast of Columbus, the Colorado County seat.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city of Eagle Lake has a total area of 2.8 square miles (7.2 km2), of which 0.004 square miles (0.01 km2), or 0.19%, is covered by water.
As of the census of 2000, 3,664 people, 1,296 households, and 935 families resided in the city. The population density was 1,344.6 people per square mile (520.1/km2). The 1,500 housing units averaged 550.5/sq mi (212.9/km2).