Halifax is a town in Windham County, Vermont, in the United States. As of the 2000 census, the town population was 782.
Halifax was the second town chartered, west of the Connecticut River on May 11, 1750 by New Hampshire Governor Benning Wentworth, meaning Halifax is the second oldest town in the state after Bennington. The town was named for the George Montagu-Dunk, 2nd Earl of Halifax.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.8 square miles (103.1 km2), of which 39.8 square miles (103.0 km2) is land and 0.1 square mile (0.1 km2) (0.13%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 782 people, 312 households, and 209 families residing in the town. The population density was 19.7 people per square mile (7.6/km2). There were 493 housing units at an average density of 12.4 per square mile (4.8/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.31% White, 0.26% Asian, and 2.43% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.15% of the population.
There were 312 households, out of which 32.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 51.9% were married couples living together, 9.9% had a female householder with no husband present, and 33.0% were non-families.