Harrodsburg is a home rule-class city in Mercer County, Kentucky, United States. It is the seat of its county. The population was 8,340 at the 2010 census.
Although Harrodsburg was formally established by the House of Burgesses after Boonesborough and was not incorporated by the Kentucky legislature until 1836, it is usually considered the oldest city in Kentucky and has been honored as the oldest permanent American settlement west of the Appalachians.
Harrodstown (sometimes Harrod's Town) was laid out and founded by James Harrod on June 16, 1774. Harrod led a company of adventurers totaling thirty-one men, beginning May 25 at Fort Redstone in Pennsylvania, down the Monongahela and Ohio rivers in canoes and through a series of other rivers and creeks to the town's present-day location.
Later that same year, amid Dunmore's War, Lord Dunmore sent two men to warn the surveyors of imminent Shawnee attacks, Daniel Boone and Michael Stoner, who are said to have completed the round trip of eight hundred miles in 64 days. Regardless, the pioneers remained for a few weeks until a man was killed by the Natives, at which point, the settlement was abandoned and resettled the following year by March. It was one of three settlements in present day Kentucky at the time the Thirteen Colonies declared independence in 1776, along with Logan's Fort and Boonesborough. Also known as Oldtown, Harrodstown was the first seat of Virginia's Kentucky (1776), Lincoln (1780), and Mercer (1785) counties upon their formations. It remains the seat of Mercer County in Kentucky.