Henderson is a city in Chester County, Tennessee, United States. The population was 6,309 at the 2010 census, up from 5,670 at the 2000 census. It is the county seat of Chester County.
Henderson was platted in 1857, when the railroad was extended to that point. The city takes its name from Henderson County, Tennessee. Henderson was called Dayton during the Civil War, then was known as Henderson Station and, finally, Henderson.
Henderson is located near the center of Chester County at 35°26′35″N 88°38′40″W (35.443025, -88.644345), to the west of the South Fork Forked Deer River. U.S. Route 45 passes through the city, leading northwest 17 miles (27 km) to Jackson and south 20 miles (32 km) to Selmer. Tennessee State Route 100 passes south of the city center, leading east 32 miles (51 km) to Decaturville and west 30 miles (48 km) to Whiteville.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 7.9 square miles (20.4 km2), of which 0.03 square miles (0.07 km2), or 0.35%, is water.
For several years, the Henderson Arts Commission has sponsored many arts-related events & programs, like the Summer Camp Theatre Experience.
The city park is called Gene Record Park. It features playground equipment, a walking trail, soccer fields, a permanent space for the local Farmer's Market, picnic tables, a dog park, and a 9-hole disc golf course. In January 2020, the city paper (Chester County Independent) reported that a Splash Pad would soon be installed at the park.
The local paper, Chester County Independent, is based in Henderson.