Hinesburg is a town in Chittenden County, Vermont, United States. The town was named for Abel Hine, town clerk. The population was 4,396 at the 2010 census.
The main settlement of Hinesburg in the center of town is a census-designated place (CDP), with a population of 658 at the 2010 census.
Hinesburg is located in southern Chittenden County, bordered by Addison County to the south. According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 39.8 square miles (103.2 km2), of which 39.4 square miles (102.1 km2) is land and 0.39 square miles (1.0 km2), or 1.00%, is water.
The main settlement of Hinesburg is located near the geographic center of town along Vermont Route 116 in the valley of the La Platte River. VT 116 leads north 11 miles (18 km) to South Burlington and south 17 miles (27 km) to Bristol.
As of the census of 2000, there were 4,340 people, 1,596 households, and 1,174 families residing in the town. The population density was 109.0 people per square mile (42.1/km2). There were 1,693 housing units at an average density of 42.5 per square mile (16.4/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.90% White, 0.14% African American, 0.21% Native American, 0.51% Asian, 0.02% Pacific Islander, 0.16% from other races, and 1.06% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.78% of the population.