Jeanerette () is a city in Iberia Parish, Louisiana, United States. Known as "Sugar City", it had a population of 5,530 at the 2010 census, a decrease of 467 from the 2000 tabulation of 5,997. It is two thirds African American, many of them Creoles of color.
Jeanerette is the part of the Lafayette, Louisiana Metropolitan Statistical Area. The parish is also one of the 22 included in the Acadiana region, which has had a high proportion of Francophones.
In the 18th century, French colonist Pierre Zerangue acquired the land where Jeanerette developed from the Spanish government. Zerangue received an "order of survey and settlement" from Spain for 1,052 acres (4.26 km2). Under Spanish law, if a person occupied a piece of property for two years, they could apply for title to the land under an "order of survey settlement."
Colonist Nicholas Provost acquired property extending from the present-day experimental farm to the St. Mary Parish line. He engaged in sugar cultivation, based on the labor of enslaved Americans and African Americans, until his death in 1816.
The town derived its name from John W. Jeanerette, a native of South Carolina who had moved to the developing area in the 1820s.