Malakoff is a city in Henderson County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,324 at the 2010 census. The city is named after a Russian fort of Malakoff (Malakhov kurgan), which played a pivotal role during the siege of Sevastopol during the Crimean War.
The community was formerly known as "Caney Creek" and "Mitcham Chapel". An application for a named post office in 1854 under "Purdam" or "Mitcham" resulted in the current name, because the other names were already in use. In the 1920s coal mining became an important activity. The "Malakoff Man", a large prehistoric carved head found in the 1930s, resembles a carving of the Olmec culture.
Malakoff is located in western Henderson County at 32°10′41″N 96°1′6″W (32.178182, -96.018264). Texas State Highway 31 runs through the center of the city, leading east 9 miles (14 km) to Athens and west 27 miles (43 km) to Corsicana. Texas State Highway 198 leads north from the center of Malakoff 17 miles (27 km) to Mabank.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Malakoff has a total area of 2.9 square miles (7.5 km2), of which 0.02 square miles (0.04 km2), or 0.50%, are water.