Merkel is a town in Taylor County, Texas, United States. The population was 2,590 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Abilene, Texas Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Merkel is located 17 miles west of Abilene near Interstate Highway 20.
The town has a total area of 2.0 square miles (5.1 km2), all of it land.01993207882
Around 1870, when the Texas and Pacific Railway was built, the town was founded as Windmill Town. In 1881, it was renamed as Merkel in honor of the first settler in this area, S. M. Merkel from Germany. In 1882, the first mercantile store and in 1883, the first post office opened.
As of the census of 2000, 2,637 people 1,012 households, and 719 families resided in the town. The population density was 1,342.0 people per square mile (519.5/km2). The 1,202 housing units averaged 611.7 per square mile (236.8/km2).