Natalbany is a census-designated place (CDP) in Tangipahoa Parish, Louisiana, United States. The population was 1,739 at the 2000 census. It is part of the Hammond Micropolitan Statistical Area.
The community is named after the nearby Natalbany River. It is speculated that the name of the river is derived from the Choctaw words nita meaning bear and abani which means "to cook over a fire" in the Choctaw language.
Natalbany is located at 30°32′52″N 90°29′2″W (30.547856, -90.483765).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.5 square miles (12 km2), of which 4.4 square miles (11 km2) is land and 0.1 square miles (0.26 km2) (1.56%) is water (including Ponchatoula Creek).
At the 2000 census, there were 1,739 people, 714 households and 411 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 393.1 per square mile (151.9/km2). There were 814 housing units at an average density of 184.0 per square mile (71.1/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 67.74% White, 29.67% African American, 0.52% Native American, 0.23% Asian, 1.15% from other races, and 0.69% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.24% of the population.
There were 714 households, of which 31.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 38.0% were married couples living together, 16.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 42.4% were non-families.