Naylor is a city in Ripley County, Missouri, United States. The population was 632 at the 2010 census.
Naylor was originally called Barfield, and under the latter name had its start when the railroad was extended to that point. A post office called Naylor has been in operation since 1892. The present name is after William A. Naylor, a businessperson in the lumber industry.
Naylor is located at 36°34′27″N 90°36′16″W (36.574160, -90.604355).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.55 square miles (1.42 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 632 people, 270 households, and 172 families living in the city. The population density was 1,149.1 inhabitants per square mile (443.7/km2). There were 290 housing units at an average density of 527.3 per square mile (203.6/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.51% White, 0.32% Black or African American, 0.79% Native American, 0.16% from other races, and 5.22% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.95% of the population.
There were 270 households, of which 29.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.9% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 36.3% were non-families.