Rockville is a town in Adams Township, Parke County, in the U.S. state of Indiana. The population was 2,607 at the 2010 census. The town is the county seat of Parke County. It is known as "The Covered Bridge Capital of the World".
Rockville was laid out in 1824, three years after the county was founded, and became the county seat. In 1825, its population was between 500 and 600. The residents voted to incorporate the town in July 1854.
The Rockville Chautauqua Pavilion and Rockville Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Rockville is located at the intersection of U.S. Route 36 and U.S. Route 41, about 30 miles (48 km) southwest of Crawfordsville.
According to the 2010 census, Rockville has a total area of 1.49 square miles (3.86 km2), all land.
The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Rockville has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,607 people, 1,212 households, and 679 families living in the town. The population density was 1,749.7 inhabitants per square mile (675.6/km2). There were 1,394 housing units at an average density of 935.6 per square mile (361.2/km2).