Taylorsville is a census-designated place (CDP) in German Township, Bartholomew County, in the U.S. state of Indiana. The population was 919 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Columbus, Indiana metropolitan statistical area.
Taylorsville was originally called Herod, and under the latter name was platted in 1849. The post office at Taylorsville has been in operation since 1852.
Taylorsville is located at 39°17′47″N 85°56′57″W (39.296284, -85.949220).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.0 square mile (2.6 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 936 people, 356 households and 280 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 895.5 people per square mile (344.2/km2). There were 375 housing units at an average density of 358.8/sq mi (137.9/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 96.69% White, 1.82% African American, 0.11% Pacific Islander, 0.53% from other races, and 0.85% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.28% of the population.
There were 356 households, out of which 33.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 65.2% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 21.3% were non-families.