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Troup is a city in Smith and Cherokee Counties in the U.S. state of Texas. Its population was 1,869 at the 2010 census. Troup lies in two counties and two core-based statistical areas. The Smith County portion of the city is part of the Tyler metropolitan statistical area, while the Cherokee County portion is part of the Jacksonville micropolitan statistical area.
Troup is situated between the two very old Choctaw, Chickasaw, Cherokee, and Creek intertribal settlements of Nanih Shinuk (Sand Hill) and Ofunlo Hina (Screech Owl Bend). Descendants of these peoples still live there as part of the state-recognized Mount Tabor Indian Community.
Troup was developed as a railroad town when the International Railroad Company opened the Palestine-Troupe line in 1872. The town was platted in 1873.
The town may have been named after a governor or a county in Georgia.
Troup is located in southeastern Smith County at 32°8′40″N 95°7′12″W (32.144382, -95.120018). The city limits extend south into Cherokee County.