Vado is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Doña Ana County, New Mexico, United States. The population was 3,194 at the 2010 census. The ZIP code for Vado is 88072, its area code is 575, and it is part of the Las Cruces Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Founded in 1920 by Francis “Frank” Marion Boyer and his wife Ella Louise, after the previous freedom colony they founded, Blackdom, New Mexico, became a ghost town due to water well issues.
Vado is located in southeastern Doña Ana County at 32°7′45″N 106°39′4″W (32.129233, -106.651006). It is in the Mesilla Valley, on the east side of the Rio Grande. Interstate 10 forms the eastern edge of the CDP, with access from Exit 155. I-10 leads north 17 miles (27 km) to Las Cruces, the county seat, and south 32 miles (51 km) to El Paso, Texas.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 3.0 square miles (7.7 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 3,003 people, 776 households, and 709 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,013.8 people per square mile (391.7/km2). There were 814 housing units at an average density of 274.8 per square mile (106.2/km2). The racial makeup of the CDP was 53.98% White, 1.03% African American, 1.50% Native American, 0.07% Asian, 39.93% from other races, and 3.50% from two or more races.