Vance is a town in Tuscaloosa and Bibb counties in the U.S. state of Alabama. As of the 2010 census it had a population of 1,529. It is most famous for the Mercedes-Benz U.S. International plant, currently the only one in North America. The current mayor of Vance is Brenda Morrison.
The Tuscaloosa County portion of Vance is part of the Tuscaloosa Metropolitan Statistical Area, while the Bibb County portion is part of the Birmingham–Hoover Metropolitan Statistical Area.
The town of Vance was first settled in 1830 by David M. Lindley. At that time, the town was called Trion and it was a trading post on the Old Huntsville Road.
In 1872, Trion was renamed Smallwood in honor of sawmill owner Charles Smallwood.
In 1879, Smallwood was renamed its current name Vance in honor of Dr. William Vance of North Carolina.