Wheatland is a town in Steen Township, Knox County, Indiana, United States. The population was 480 at the 2010 census.
Wheatland was laid out in 1858. It was named from the production of wheat in the vicinity.
Wheatland is located at 38°39′51″N 87°18′28″W (38.664166, -87.307775).
According to the 2010 census, Wheatland has a total area of 0.41 square miles (1.06 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 480 people, 191 households, and 132 families living in the town. The population density was 1,170.7 inhabitants per square mile (452.0/km2). There were 220 housing units at an average density of 536.6 per square mile (207.2/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.9% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, and 1.7% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 2.9% of the population.
There were 191 households, of which 41.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 48.7% were married couples living together, 12.6% had a female householder with no husband present, 7.9% had a male householder with no wife present, and 30.9% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals, and 11.6% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.