Anahola (literally "deadly winds" in Hawaiian) is a census-designated place (CDP) in Kauaʻi County, Hawaiʻi, United States. The population was 2,223 at the 2010 census, up from 1,932 at the 2000 census.
During the reign of King Kamehameha I, the island of Kauaʻi was one of the last Hawaiian islands to join Kamehameha's Kingdom of Hawaiʻi. The ruler, Kaumualii, resisted Kamehameha for years, surviving two attempts to invade Kaua'i.
Anahola is the site of an ancient surfing area, Ka-nahā-wale, which literally translates to "easily broken".
Anahola is located at 22°8′42″N 159°18′47″W (22.145049, -159.312969). According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.0 square miles (10.4 km2), of which 3.6 square miles (9.4 km2) are land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2), or 9.63%, are water.
The community is located on Hawaii Route 56 on the northeast coast of the island of Kauai. It is 13 miles (21 km) north of Lihue and 10 miles (16 km) southeast of Kilauea. Anahola is adjacent to Anahola Bay, a bay of the Pacific Ocean.
As of the census of 2000, there were 1,932 people, 549 households, and 422 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 514.8 people per square mile (198.9/km2). There were 606 housing units at an average density of 161.5 per square mile (62.4/km2).