Booneville is the county seat of Prentiss County, Mississippi. Booneville was incorporated in 1861 and named after R.H. Boone, a relative of Daniel Boone. The population was 8,743 at the 2010 census. It is one of 21 certified Mississippi retirement cities.
The land of Booneville was bought by B.B. Boone, G.W. Williams, and W.P. Curlee from the Chickasaw tribesman Le-Ho-Yea. The community was named for R.H. Boone, a relative of Daniel Boone, the early American pioneer.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 25.7 square miles (67 km2), of which 25.7 square miles (67 km2) is land and 0.04 square miles (0.10 km2) (0.16%) is water. The city is concentrated along Mississippi Highway 145 between its intersections with Mississippi Highway 30 to the south and Mississippi Highway 4 to the north. U.S. Route 45 passes through western Booneville, connecting the city with Corinth and Tupelo.
Climate is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate Classification subtype for this climate is "Cfa" (Humid Subtropical Climate).
As of the census of 2000, there were 8,625 people, 3,302 households, and 2,205 families residing in the city. The population density was 335.8 people per square mile (129.6/km2).