Canaan is a town in Somerset County, Maine, United States. The population was 2,275 at the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 42.13 square miles (109.12 km2), of which, 41.16 square miles (106.60 km2) of it is land and 0.97 square miles (2.51 km2) is water.
As of the census of 2010, there were 2,275 people, 901 households, and 637 families living in the town. The population density was 55.3 inhabitants per square mile (21.4/km2). There were 1,105 housing units at an average density of 26.8 per square mile (10.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 97.1% White, 0.1% African American, 0.8% Native American, 0.1% Asian, 0.3% Pacific Islander, 0.1% from other races, and 1.5% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.
There were 901 households, of which 34.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.3% were married couples living together, 11.9% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.5% had a male householder with no wife present, and 29.3% were non-families. 21.8% of all households were made up of individuals, and 5.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.52 and the average family size was 2.87.