Chaparral is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Doña Ana and Otero counties, New Mexico, United States. The population was 14,631 at the 2010 census. Chaparral is primarily a bedroom community for the neighboring city of El Paso, Texas, and the neighboring military installations of White Sands Missile Range and Fort Bliss. It is officially part of the Las Cruces Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Chaparral is located in the southeast corner of Doña Ana County and the southwest corner of Otero County at 32°2′21″N 106°25′47″W (32.039072, −106.429630). Its southern border is the Texas state line, the northern limit of the city of El Paso. Chaparral is geographically isolated from the rest of Doña Ana County due to its location on the east side of the Franklin Mountains.
Downtown El Paso, Texas is 20 miles (32 km) to the south, Fort Bliss in Texas is 19 miles (31 km) to the south, and the White Sands Missile Range is 30 miles (48 km) to the north.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the Chaparral CDP has a total area of 59.2 square miles (153.4 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 6,117 people, 1,837 households, and 1,497 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 157.8 people per square mile (60.9/km2). There were 2,134 housing units at an average density of 55.1 per square mile (21.3/km2).