Chicora is a borough in Butler County, Pennsylvania, United States. The population was 1,043 at the 2010 census.
Chicora is located at 40°56′58″N 79°44′33″W (40.949468, -79.742631), along the upper reaches of Buffalo Creek. Pennsylvania Route 68 passes through the borough, leading east 9 miles (14 km) to East Brady on the Allegheny River and southwest 11 miles (18 km) to Butler, the county seat.
According to the United States Census Bureau, Chicora has a total area of 0.54 square miles (1.4 km2), all of it land.
At the 2000 census there were 1,021 people, 419 households, and 287 families living in the borough. The population density was 1,841.9 people per square mile (716.7/km²). There were 463 housing units at an average density of 835.3 per square mile (325.0/km²). The racial makeup of the borough was 99.51% White, 0.20% African American and 0.29% Native American. There were 419 households, 30.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 56.3% were married couples living together, 8.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 31.3% were non-families. 29.4% of households were made up of individuals, and 15.0% were one person aged 65 or older. The average household size was 2.43 and the average family size was 3.02.