Dallas is a city in, and the county seat of, Paulding County, Georgia, United States. The estimated population, as of 2010, was 11,544. Dallas is a northwestern suburb of Atlanta, located approximately 38 miles (61 km) from the downtown area. It was named for George M. Dallas, Vice President of the United States, under James K. Polk.
The area where in and around Dallas was originally held by the Creek Indians, but would eventually lose their land in battle to the Cherokee Nation in 1755. The area became a crossroads for the Cherokee who lived in the area.
When gold was discovered in Georgia in 1828, it began what was known as the Georgia Gold Rush. Paulding County was soon separated into 40-acre "Gold Lots" during the Gold Lottery of 1832 and people came from other parts of Georgia and other states to seek gold. The settlers found little gold in the area, with only small amounts being found in mines at Lost Mountain. Many settlers began using their parcels of land to grow crops instead.
During the time the Georgia Gold Rush began to happen, the Cherokee people began to be forced off of their lands.