Ellinger is a rural unincorporated community in Fayette County, Texas, United States. It is located on the highway TX-71 about 12 miles (19 km) southeast of La Grange and 2.0 miles (3.2 km) from the Colorado County line. Farm to Market Road 2503 starts at a stop sign on TX-71 in Ellinger and heads to the northeast.
In the Texas Land Survey System (TLSS), various heads of families were granted leagues of land, and these leagues were named for those recipients. The Boundaries of Voting Precincts Act labelled Ellinger as being composed of "all parts of the W.O. Burnham league and Lucy Kerr league which lay southeast of Sarrazin's Creek" and "all parts of the Jos. Duty, W.T. Dunlavy, and Jus. Ehlinger lying in Fayette County". Elections within these bounds were to be held in the city center of Ellinger.
Of this location, 100 acres were privately owned by John H. Meyer and another 100 by Henry Fordtran. Fordtran was a native of Galveston.