Fairborn is a city in Greene County, Ohio, United States. The population was 32,770 at the 2010 census. Fairborn is part of the Dayton Metropolitan Statistical Area.
It is the only city in the world named Fairborn, a portmanteau created from the names Fairfield and Osborn. After the Great Dayton Flood of 1913, the region and state created a conservation district here and, in the 1920s, began building Huffman Dam to control the Mad River. Residents of Osborn were moved with their houses to an area alongside Fairfield. In 1950, the two villages merged into the new city of Fairborn.
The city is home to Wright State University, which serves nearly 20,000 undergraduate and graduate students. The city also hosts the disaster training facility known informally as Calamityville.
Fairborn was formed from the union in 1950 of the two villages of Fairfield and Osborn.