Fulshear ( FUUL-shər) is a city in northwest Fort Bend County, Texas, and is located on the western edge of the Houston–The Woodlands–Sugar Land metropolitan area.
The history of Fulshear is closely intertwined with the historical events leading up to Texas Independence and eventual statehood within the United States of America. The small agricultural community traces its origins to the arrival of Churchill Fulshear, one of Stephen F. Austin's original Old Three Hundred. He moved from Tennessee to Texas in the summer of 1824 with his wife, Betsy Summers, daughter, Mary, and three sons, Benjamin, Graves, and Churchill Fulshear, Jr.
As a man with considerable wealth and property, Churchill Fulshear Sr. obtained on July 16, 1824 a land grant from the Mexican government and Stephen F. Austin that allowed him and his family to settle in Austin's colony. He established a slave plantation that raised cotton, corn, rice, pecans and livestock. Churchill Fulshear Sr. died on January 18, 1831 with the plantation ownership passed onto his youngest son, Churchill Fulshear, Jr., who added a cotton gin and flour mill which flourished well into the late 1880s.
During the Texas Revolution, Churchill Jr. and his two brothers, Graves and Benjamin, served as scouts for the Texan army as the Mexican army under the command of Antonio Lopez de Santa Anna pursued Sam Houston's army and civilians who fled after Santa Anna's victory at the 1836 Battle of the Alamo. The Fulshear area was on the route of both the Mexicans and the Texan soldiers.