Hawthorne is a census-designated place (CDP) in Mineral County, Nevada, United States. At the 2010 census, the population was 3,269, a decrease since the 2000 census, when it was 3,311. It is the county seat of Mineral County. The nearby Hawthorne Army Depot is the primary economic base of the town.
The first permanent settlement at Hawthorne was made in 1880. The community was named after William Hawthorne, a cattleman and local law enforcement agent. Hawthorne has been county seat of Mineral County since 1911.
Hawthorne is located at 38°31′31″N 118°37′23″W (38.525198, -118.623053). According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 1.5 square miles (3.9 km2), all of it land. It sits near Walker Lake, the remains of Babbitt and under the peak of Mt. Grant, and its summit of 11,239 feet (3,426 m).