Hernandez is an unincorporated community and census-designated place in Rio Arriba County, New Mexico, United States. Hernandez is approximately 5 miles (8.0 km) northwest of Española on highway US 84 / US 285.
Within the unincorporated community is the built-up CDP of Hernandez, with an area of 1.7 square miles (4.4 km2). The Hernandez CDP had a population of 946 in the 2010 census,
The entire Hernandez area 55 square miles (140 km2) has the ZIP code 87537, pointing to ZIP Code Tabulation Area 87537 (ZCTA), with a population of 2,957 in the 2010 U.S. census.
The racial makeup of the Hernandez ZCTA was 58.4% White, 0.4% African American, 2.6% Native American, 0.4% Asian, 35.3% from other races, and 2.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 88.9% of the population.
Hernandez has one Elementary school, part of the Española Public Schools system:
Despite its small population and unincorporated status, Hernandez became well known as the site of Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico, a black and white photograph taken by Ansel Adams, late in the afternoon on November 1, 1941, from a shoulder of highway US 84 / US 285. The fame of Hernandez grew when an escalation in the market value of photographic works was launched in 1971, when a 1948 print of this image of Hernandez sold at auction "for the then-unheard-of price of $71,500" ($451,400 today), with that same copy selling in 2006 for $609,600 ($773,100 today) at a Sotheby's New York auction.
In 1931, Georgia O'Keeffe visited the community and completed her painting Another Church, Hernandez, New Mexico, showing the front and partial interior of an adobe church in the community.
Hernandez is best known as the subject of a 1941 Ansel Adams photograph, Moonrise, Hernandez, New Mexico.