Livingston is the county seat of Park County, Montana, United States. It is in southwestern Montana, on the Yellowstone River, north of Yellowstone National Park. Its population was 7,044 at the 2010 census.
The founding of the small historical railroad and ranching town of Livingston is a direct result of the Northern Pacific Railway ("NPR"). This site became a centralized point in the Rockies and the NPR's location for railroad shops to service NPR steam trains before their ascent of the Bozeman Pass, the line's highest point. Livingston also became the first gateway town to America's first national park, Yellowstone, which the NPR promoted heavily to visitors from the East. The NPR operated a branch line running 50 miles south through Paradise Valley, first to Cinnabar station and later to Gardiner, Montana.
Downstream the Yellowstone River, about 3 miles from present-day Livingston, an old fisherman named Amos Benson built a log cabin in 1872. This is where a ferry, a trading post and a small community called Benson's Landing was. Across the river from Benson's Landing in June 1882 was the camp of about 40 tents of the Northern Pacific survey crew.