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Matoaca is a census-designated place (CDP) in Chesterfield County, Virginia, United States. The population was 2,403 at the 2010 census. It is named after the Pamunkey princess Matoaka who was better known by her nickname "Pocahontas". It was near the site of an Appomattoc village Matoka or Matoks, which was reputedly her girlhood home, and the palace town of the weroansqua Oppussoquionuske.
In 2016 it was listed as No. 42 in CNN Money's Top 50 Places to Live in the United States.
Olive Hill was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.
The Appomattox River is a nearly 160-mile-long water source once used as a pathway for early colonists as well as a crucial port in Virginia during the Civil War. Its name is derived from the Indian tribe that once inhabited its banks. Because the Appomattox runs into the James River, it allowed for larger ships to dock when necessary. In continuation with the history of the river, it is widely known for the Appomattox Campaign. In the spring of 1865, after the town of Petersburg had been taken over and destroyed, the Confederates attempted to slow the persecution by the Union Army by burning the high bridge that ran across the Appomattox River. Failing to do so, the Confederate Army was later forced to surrender at Appomattox Court House.