Middlebury is a town in Middlebury Township, Elkhart County, Indiana, United States. It is located approximately 35 miles east of South Bend, 130 miles east of Chicago, Illinois and 165 miles north of Indianapolis. Middlebury is nestled in Northern Indiana's Amish country. As of the 2010 census, the town population was 3,420.
Middlebury is located at 41°40′26″N 85°42′34″W (41.673863, -85.709443). It sits on the banks of the Little Elkhart River in the middle of a mix of rolling hills and rural farm land.
According to the 2010 census, Middlebury has a total area of 3.78 square miles (9.79 km2), of which 3.76 square miles (9.74 km2) (or 99.47%) is land and 0.02 square miles (0.05 km2) (or 0.53%) is water.
Before the Europeans came to the region, the Miami and later the Potawatomi ruled the area. That changed in 1832, when the first settlers came from Middlebury, Vermont. They chose this specific area because the rolling hills reminded them of Vermont. Later, in 1841, the first Amish families came from Somerset County, Pennsylvania and settled in the countryside surrounding the town.