Midland is a rural small town in the southeastern corner of Haakon County, South Dakota, United States. The population was 129 at the 2010 census.
Midland was laid out in 1890. The town was named from its location halfway between the Missouri and Cheyenne rivers. A post office called Midland has been in operation since 1890.
Midland is located at 44°4′16″N 101°9′23″W (44.071134, -101.156336).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 0.34 square miles (0.88 km2), all land.
Midland has been assigned the ZIP code 57552 and the FIPS place code 42140.
As of the census of 2010, there were 129 people, 66 households, and 36 families residing in the town. The population density was 379.4 inhabitants per square mile (146.5/km2). There were 92 housing units at an average density of 270.6 per square mile (104.5/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 94.6% White, 4.7% Native American, and 0.8% from two or more races.
There were 66 households, of which 16.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.0% were married couples living together, 4.5% had a female householder with no husband present, 3.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 45.5% were non-families.