Nottingham is a town in Rockingham County, New Hampshire, United States. The population was 4,785 at the 2010 census. It is the location of Pawtuckaway State Park.
Incorporated in 1722 by Lieutenant Governor John Wentworth, Nottingham was named for Daniel Finch, 2nd Earl of Nottingham. The earl was a close friend of Samuel Shute and Joseph Dudley, previous colonial governors of New Hampshire. Among the grantees was Peregrine White, descendant of Peregrine White of the Mayflower, the first child of English parentage born in New England. At one time, the town had 17 watermills in operation.
The town was site of a massacre in September 1747, when Elizabeth Simpson, Robert Beard and Nathaniel Folsom were slain by Indians of the Winnipesaukee tribe.
Nottingham once included Deerfield, incorporated in 1766, and Northwood, in 1773.
Four Revolutionary War generals were from Nottingham: General Joseph Cilley, General Henry Dearborn, General Henry Butler, and General Thomas Bartlett.
Nottingham has the oldest continually operating municipal recycling center in the country, and it was the first town in the nation to make recycling mandatory. The recycling center began operation in January 1974.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 48.4 square miles (125 km2), of which 46.5 sq mi (120 km2) is land and 1.9 sq mi (4.9 km2) is water, comprising 4.01% of the town.