Oakdale is a village in Antelope County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 322 at the 2010 census.
Oakdale was laid out and platted in 1872. It was named from the numerous oak groves in the area. Oakdale was incorporated as a village in 1882.
Oakdale is located at 42°4′12″N 97°58′4″W (42.069966, -97.967681).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.52 square miles (1.35 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 322 people, 134 households, and 91 families residing in the village. The population density was 619.2 inhabitants per square mile (239.1/km2). There were 160 housing units at an average density of 307.7 per square mile (118.8/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 95.0% White, 1.2% African American, 0.9% Native American, 1.9% from other races, and 0.9% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 5.3% of the population.
There were 134 households, of which 27.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 45.5% were married couples living together, 15.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 6.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 32.1% were non-families.