Oakland is a town in Yalobusha County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 527 at the time of the 2010 census.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the town has a total area of 1.4 square miles (3.6 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2000, there were 586 people, 222 households, and 132 families residing in the town. The population density was 409.3 people per square mile (158.2/km2). There were 238 housing units at an average density of 166.2 per square mile (64.3/km2). The racial makeup of the town was 23.72% White, 75.94% African American, 0.17% Native American, and 0.17% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.37% of the population.
There were 222 households, out of which 28.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 28.4% were married couples living together, 24.8% had a female householder with no husband present, and 40.1% were non-families. 36.5% of all households were made up of individuals, and 16.7% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.