Red Cloud is a city in and the county seat of Webster County, Nebraska, United States. The population was 1,020 at the 2010 census.
The region of present-day Red Cloud was intermittently occupied and used as hunting grounds by the Pawnees until 1833. In that year, a treaty was signed in which the Pawnees surrendered their lands south of the Platte River. According to George Hyde, it is likely that the Pawnees did not realize that they were thereby giving up their lands, and that they were led to believe that they were only granting the Delawares and other relocated tribes permission to hunt in the area.
In 1870, the area that is now Webster County was opened to homesteaders. In that year, Silas Garber and other settlers filed claims along Crooked Creek, just east of the present-day city. In 1871, the town, named after the renowned Oglala Lakota leader Red Cloud, was voted county seat of the newly formed county. The city was platted in 1872.
The author Willa Cather lived in Red Cloud for several years with her family, starting in 1883 at age nine. She used the town as inspiration for several in her novels, including Black Hawk in My Ántonia. In addition to writing about the city Cather also published while living in Red Cloud.