Rosebud is a city in Gasconade County, Missouri, United States. The population was 409 at the 2010 census.
Rosebud is located at 38°23′12″N 91°24′7″W (38.386579, -91.401899).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 0.87 square miles (2.25 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 409 people, 179 households, and 107 families living in the city. The population density was 470.1 inhabitants per square mile (181.5/km2). There were 197 housing units at an average density of 226.4 per square mile (87.4/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 97.1% White, 0.2% Native American, 1.0% Asian, 0.2% Pacific Islander, 0.5% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.7% of the population.
There were 179 households 26.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 10.1% had a female householder with no husband present, 2.2% had a male householder with no wife present, and 40.2% were non-families. 34.1% of all households were made up of individuals, and 15.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.88.