Rushsylvania is a village located in Logan County, Ohio, United States. The population was 516 at the 2010 census.
A branch of the Logan County District Library serves the Rushsylvania community.
Rushylvania was originally called Claggstown, and under the latter name was platted in 1834. A post office called Rushylvania has been in operation since 1836.
Rushsylvania is located at 40°27′42″N 83°40′16″W (40.461765, -83.671009).
According to the United States Census Bureau, the village has a total area of 0.78 square miles (2.02 km2), all of it land.
Among the businesses in Rushsylvania is Michael Angelo's Pizza, which is owned by and employs winners of national and worldwide pizza-making competitions.
As of the census of 2010, there were 516 people, 194 households, and 146 families living in the village. The population density was 661.5 inhabitants per square mile (255.4/km2). There were 219 housing units at an average density of 280.8 per square mile (108.4/km2). The racial makeup of the village was 96.5% White, 0.8% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 0.6% from other races, and 1.6% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.6% of the population.
There were 194 households, of which 41.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 58.8% were married couples living together, 10.8% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.7% had a male householder with no wife present, and 24.7% were non-families. 20.6% of all households were made up of individuals, and 8.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older.