Sarcoxie is a city in Jasper County, Missouri, United States. The population was 1,330 at the 2010 census. It is part of the Joplin, Missouri Metropolitan Statistical Area.
Sarcoxie was platted in the early 1830s, and it was originally called Centerville from its location upon Center Creek. In 1839, the settlement was renamed in honor of Sarcoxie, a chief of the Delaware Indians who had settled near a spring in the present town limits.
Sarcoxie was once the strawberry capital of the world and still is the peony capital of the world, and home to Gilbert H. Wild, one of America's largest growers of daylilies, iris, and peonies. Sarcoxie once had its own currency that had a picture of a strawberry on one side.
During the start of the Civil War in 1861, Franz Sigel's independent command passed through Sarcoxie on June 28 before attempting to attack the separated commands of Sterling Price and Missouri Governor and General Claiborne Fox Jackson. Price was rumored to be at Pool's Prairie, moving to the Confederate forces in Northwest Arkansas.
The Cave Spring School and Cave Spring Cemetery and Sarcoxie Public Square Historic District are listed on the National Register of Historic Places.
Sarcoxie is located at 37°4′7″N 94°7′21″W (37.068490, -94.122450). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.08 square miles (2.80 km2), all land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 1,330 people, 526 households, and 350 families living in the city. The population density was 1,231.5 inhabitants per square mile (475.5/km2). There were 615 housing units at an average density of 569.4 per square mile (219.8/km2).