Temperance is an unincorporated community and census-designated place (CDP) in Monroe County in the U.S. state of Michigan. The population was 8,517 at the 2010 census. The CDP is located within Bedford Township.
The community was established as early as 1859. The Temperance 48182 ZIP Code serves most of Bedford Township outside of the Lambertville area, as well as portions of western Erie Township, southern Ida Township, and northeast Whiteford Township.
Temperance was established as Bedford Center in 1859. On December 8, 1884, a post office was established at Bedford Center and was named Temperance with Lewis Ansted as the first postmaster. The name "Temperance" was suggested by the wife of one of the founding land owners, who was a member of the Woman's Christian Temperance Union. A petition was circulated and the name Bedford Center was changed to Temperance. During the early years of Temperance, the sale and consumption of alcoholic beverages was prohibited.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the CDP has a total area of 4.64 square miles (12.0 km2), of which 4.61 square miles (11.9 km2) is land and 0.03 square miles (0.078 km2) (0.68%) is water.
As of the census of 2000, there were 7,757 people, 2,857 households, and 2,177 families residing in the CDP. The population density was 1,688.0 per square mile (651.1/km2). There were 2,953 housing units at an average density of 642.6 per square mile (247.9/km2).