Amory is a city in Monroe County, Mississippi, United States. The population was 7,316 as of the 2010 census. Located in the northeastern part of the state near the Alabama border, it was founded in 1887 as a railroad town by Kansas City, Memphis & Birmingham Railroad. As a result, Cotton Gin Port, along the Tombigbee River to the east, was abandoned as businesses and people moved for railroad access.
Amory was founded as a planned railroad town. The Kansas City, Memphis & Birmingham Railroad was expanding in the South and needed a midpoint between Memphis, Tennessee and Birmingham, Alabama to service their locomotives. They laid out the new town of Amory, Mississippi, near the Alabama border, in 1887.
Believing railroad access to be critical, people from nearby Cotton Gin Port, about 1.5 miles away and located along the Tombigbee River, abandoned their town and moved to Amory. All that remains of the former Cotton Gin Port are the ruins of buildings and an old cemetery.
According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 8.0 square miles (21 km2), of which 7.5 square miles (19 km2) is land and 0.5 square miles (1.3 km2) (6.37%) is water.