Fairway is a city in Johnson County, Kansas, United States, and part of the Kansas City Metropolitan Area. As of the 2010 census, the city population was 3,882.
In the 1820s, this area was reserved for use by the Shawnee people, who had ceded lands east of the Mississippi River to the United States government. The Shawnee Methodist Mission was moved here in 1839, when a school for the Shawnee was established. During Territorial Kansas, it was briefly the pro-slavery capital, one of the competing capitals of Kansas. After the American Civil War, the Shawnee were relocated to Indian Territory (present-day Oklahoma). The mission is a National Historic Landmark and today is operated as a museum.
In the 1930s, as Kansas City suburbs were developing, a developer laid out a subdivision near a golf course. It was named Fairway from its proximity to several driving ranges. Fairway was incorporated in 1949 and is known as "The City of Trees".
Fairway is located at 39°1′26″N 94°37′45″W (39.023988, -94.629213). According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 1.15 square miles (2.98 km2), all of it land.
As of the census of 2010, there were 3,882 people, 1,749 households, and 1,062 families residing in the city.